FLORENCE NEAL - Arvore para Agua, The Brasil Trees











..public art








all images © Florence Neal

ÁRVORE PARA ÁGUA - The Brazil Trees

Árvore para Água (Tree to Water) is a mokuhanga print series stemming from my drawings of the bark of Brazilian trees.


"Árvore para Água - Paraná Pinho"

mokuhanga (waterbased woodcut) on Kozoshi washi (handmade Japanese kozo paper)
Image: 15 7/8" x 31 3/4"
Edition: 7
Date: 2023


Paraná Pinho
in Ibirapuera Park, São Paulo, Brazil.
Paraná pinho, also known as Brazilian pine or candelabra tree, is a species of conifer tree in the Araucaria genus that is native to Brazil. It is a critically endangered species due to deforestation and other forms of habitat destruction, as well as over-harvesting for its valuable timber. The tree is known for its distinctive candelabra shape, with branches that radiate out from the trunk in a circular pattern. The Paraná pine is an important symbol of Brazil's natural heritage and efforts are being made to conserve and protect this endangered species. The Ibirapuera Park in São Paulo is one of the places where visitors can see this iconic tree.




"Árvore para Água - Pau-Brasil"

mokuhanga (waterbased woodcut) on Kozoshi washi (handmade Japanese kozo paper)
Image: 15 7/8" x 31 3/4"
Edition: 7
Date: 2023

Pau-Brasil in Burle Marx Park, São Paulo, Brazil.
Pau-Brasil is the national tree of Brazil. The wood yields a historically important red dye called brazilin, which oxidizes to brazilein.The Portuguese named these trees pau-brasil, the term pau meaning wood, and brasil meaning reddish/ember-like. The reddish-orange wood was highly sought after in Europe after its discovery, particularly for the extracted dye for use in high-end fabrics. It is also known as Pernambuco-wood in the classical music world for the 18th century discovery that the properties of the wood is highly appreciated by European bow makers.

However, its popularity led to overexploitation and near extinction of the species. Efforts are being made to protect and preserve the tree, which is still threatened by illegal logging and deforestation. Today, the Pau-Brasil tree is protected by Brazilian law, and efforts are being made to conserve and restore its natural habitat.







Mokuhanga prints created during a 2018 Sacatar Residency on the island of Itaparica, in Bahia, Brazil.

Árvore para Água:
Amendoeira, Dendê, Cajuzeira, Iroko (left to right)

mokuhanga (waterbased woodcuts) on handmade Japanese kozo paper (Mura Koban)
Image: 11" x 15"
Edition: 5 (each)

Date: 2018